What is building biology? The first time I heard about this I was thinking so hard. What does that mean? When I heard the word “biology” everything that crossed my mind was plants, organs, human body, cells, etc. You know, typical biology stuff we learned at high school. For a person who works in building industry, it made me so curious. So I typed up “building biology” on Google and voila! Apparently this topic’s been around for quite a long time. From Wikipedia definition to research papers, articles, review.. it’s all there.
What is Building Biology??
Basically, Building Biology is one topic related to a healthy building (or home). It’s a healthy building science that focuses particularly on indoor living environment. If you liked the topic about indoor air quality that I posted couple weeks ago, this should be the next thing you should read through!
Building biology itself is adopted from the word “Bau-biologie”, introduced in Germany over 30 years ago. Supporters of this science believe that the environment of a building in general (residential, commercial or public buildings) can affect the health of the occupants. Do you still remember what did I write in the previous post? Yep, building condition is one of the determinants of a restful or stressful moment. We don't want the stressful one, right?
That’s what’s Building Biology is all about. It investigates mainlybuilding materials and processes,electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and radiation (EMR) and indoor air quality (IAQ) to achieve a “healthier” building.
Then there’s this one topic that caught my attention.
“The 25 principles of Building Biology”
I was wondering what that is but look what I found. There’s actually a guide to build a healthier building! I didn’t know there’s something like this! It perfectly summarized what we can do to achieve a healthier building in 25 dot points. It pointed out all the steps we can do and we can apply in our daily lives.
So as quoted from healthybuildingscience.com , here’s the “25 principles of Building Biology”:
- Building site without natural and human-made disturbances
- Residential homes away from sources of emissions and noise
- Low-density housing with sufficient green space
- Personalized, natural, human- and family-oriented housing and settlements
- Building without causing social burdens
- Natural and unadulterated building materials
- Natural regulation of indoor air humidity through humidity-buffering materials
- Low total moisture content of a new building that dries out quickly
- Well-balanced ratio between thermal insulation and heat retention
- Optimal air and surface temperatures
- Good indoor air quality through natural ventilation
- Heating system based on radiant heat
- Natural conditions of light, lighting and color
- Changing the natural balance of background radiation as little as possible
- Without human-made electromagnetic and radiofrequency radiation exposure
- Building materials with low radioactivity levels
- Human-oriented noise and vibration protection
- With a pleasant or neutral smell and without outgassing toxins
- Reduction of fungi, bacteria, dust and allergens as low as possible
- Best possible drinking water quality
- Causing no environmental problems
- Minimizing energy consumption and utilizing as much renewable energy as possible
- Building materials preferably from the local region without promoting exploitation of scarce and hazardous resources
- Application of physiological and ergonomic findings to interior and furniture design
- Consideration of harmonic measures, proportions and shapes
What do you think? Very easy to follow, right? I bet it ain’t an easy thing to do at all! ;)
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